kDN[hjp Mrpukk;

rNfhjud; kw;Wk; rNfhjhp yhwp Mrpukj;jpw;Fs; ,Uf;Fk; fhl;rp

mJ vg;gb cUthdJ

vspikahfr; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy;> Mrpukk; vDk; ,e;jpar; nrhy; — NjtNdhL Mokhd Mtpf;Fhpa gpizg;G cs;s kf;fs; jq;fis NjtDf;F mh;g;gzpj;J Gdpjkhd tho;f;if tho;tjw;F Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l (Mtpf;Fhpa)> rKjha Nrit ikak; vd mh;j;jkhFk;. mJ Mtpf;Fhpa ,isg;ghWjYf;Fk; chpa ,lk;. mJ klhyak; Nghd!wJ. ,e;j Mrpukj;jpw;F nfhLf;fg;gl;l kDN[hjp vd!w ngaUf;F nrhy;Yf;F nrhy; mh;j;jk; vLj;jhy;> “kDf;Fyj;jpw;F nka;ahd xsp” vd!W nghUs;gLk; (Nahthd! 1:9). nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; kDN[hjp vd!w ngah; rNfh. yhwpapd! %j;j kfd! Njt Foe;ijahf ,Ue;jNghJ 1949-y; ngahpLk;NghJ ,uz!lhk; ngauhf rNfh. yhwpapd! je;ij jpU. Njt uhirah mth;fshy; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. Nrit kdJs;stuhf ,Ue;jjhy;> jpU uhirah mth;fs; =yq;fhtpy; ,Ue;jNghJ mNefUf;F jd!dhy; ,ad!w msT cjtpAs;shh;fs;. jpf;fw;wth;fs;> Mjutw;wth;fs;> tpjitfSf;fhf xU mdhij ,y;yk; Vw;gLj;j NtzLk; vd!w thQ;ir mth; kdjpy; ,Ue;jJ. jd!Dila Miria jd!Dila kfd! ghyhrPh; yhwpaplk; $wpapUf;fpwhh;. Mdhy; #o;epiy fhuzkhf mtUila Mir epiwNtwtpy;iy.

Copaj;jpd! gFjpahf xU Mrpukk; Ntz!Lk; vd!w njsptpy;yhj vz!zk; 1956-y; rNfh. yhwp kdjpy; Njhd!wpaJ. mg;NghJ jq;fs; ,uz!lhtJ =yq;fh gazj;jpy; kUjhd klj;jpy; ,Ue;jdh;. mq;Nf igad!fSf;Fk;> ngz!fSf;Fk; xU Mrpukk; ,Ue;jijf; fz!lhh;fs;. mJjhd! aho;g;ghzj;jpy; cs;s Rz!LFop Mrpukk;. ,stajpy; Njtid Nrtpf;f gapw;rp mspf;Fk;gb mJ elj;jg;gl;l tpjk; mth;fisf; fth;e;J mij ey;yJ vd!W fz!lhh;fs;. Mdhy; mg;gb xd!iw cUthf;f NjtDila elj;JjYf;F tpl;Ltpl;lhh;fs;. Ie;J Mz!LfSf;Fg; gpd! mth;fSila Mir cUg;ngw;wJ. 1961y; rNfh yhwpapd! ,y;yk; ,Ue;j 19> fhd! rh`Pg; njU> #isNkL nrd!id – 600024-y; kDN[hjp Mrpukk; Muk;gpj;jJ. mg;nghOJ thytajhd Mz!fSk; ngz!fSk; KO Neu Copaj;jpw;F te;jdh;. mJ FLk;gj;jpw;F mjpf ghukhf ,Ue;jJ. fh;j;jUila Copaj;jpy; gapw;rp ngw tpUk;gpa Mz!fSf;Fk; ngz!fSf;Fk; mjpf ,lk; Njitg;gl;lJ. MfNt Mrpukj;ij ,lkhw;wk; nra;a jFe;j ,lj;ij Njbdhh;. 

rNfh. yhwpapd! je;ij> jpU. uhirah =yq;fhtpy; rk;ghjpj;j gzj;ij itj;jpUe;jhh;. mtUila FLk;gj;jhUk; ez!gh;fSk; mjpy; xU gFjpia epyj;jpy; KjyPL nra;Ak;gb mwpTiu $wpdh;. mth; jpUney;Ntyp khtl;lk;> Kf;$ly; mUNf 53.5 Vf;fh; gug;gsT nfhz!l xU epyj;ij thq;fpdhh;. mJ jpUney;Ntypf;F Nkw;fpy; 25 fpNyhkPl;lh; njhiytpy; cs;sJ. me;j fhyj;jpNy 53.5 Vf;fh; epyk; vd!gJ nghpajhff; fUjg;gl;lJ. me;j epyk; gyd! jUtjw;fhf jpU uhirah kpFe;j ghLgl;lhh;. me;j vy;iyf;Fs; %d!W fpzWfSk;> kz! Ftpayhy; fiu mikf;fg;gl;bUe;j xU FsKk; ,Ue;jJ. gUt kio fhyq;fspy; mjpy; ePh; Njf;fp itf;fg;gLk;. fpzWfs; Vwf;Fiwa twz!L NghapUe;jd. kioAk; mG+h;tk;. jdJ KjyPl;by; xU gFjpiaf;$l jpU. uhirahthy; jpUk;gg;ngw Kbatpy;iy. mtUf;F mjpf gzk; Njitg;gl;l xU #o;epiyapy; ,Ue;jhh;. mtuhy; fld! ngw Kbatpy;iy. MfNt mtUila Nrkpg;ig fhyp nra;J nfhz!bUe;j me;j epyj;ij tpw;f tpUk;gpdhh;. epyj;ij thq;f te;jth;fSk; mth; nrhd!d tpiyf;F mjpf FiwthfNt nfhLf;f Kd!te;jdh;. gyd! nfhLf;fhj ,e;j epyj;ij ahUk; thq;f tpUk;gtpy;iy.

rNfh. yhwp nrd!id S.I.A.A. ikjhdj;jpy; yl;rf;fzf;fhNdhh; gq;F ngw;w $l;lq;fs; elj;jpf; nfhz!bUe;jNghJ ,J ele;jJ. jd! je;ijahh; jd! epyj;ij tpw;fg;NghFk; jpl;lj;ij rNfh. yhwp mwpe;J> Copaj;jpw;fhf mij thq;f tpUk;gpaNghJ jpU uhirah mij tpw;f Kd!tutpy;iy. xUNtis rNfh. yhwpf;F mJ xU Nkhrkhd KjyPlhf ,Uf;Fk; vd!W vz!zpapUg;ghh;. ,e;j epyj;ij tpw;gjpy; ,uz!L rpe;jidfNshL ,Uf;ifapy; mq;F jq;fpapUe;j fhty;fhuUk; tptrhapAkhf ,Ue;jthpd! ,uz!L gps;isfs; ghk;G fbj;J ,we;J Nghapd. ,J jpU. uhirah me;j epyj;ij jd! kfDf;F tpw;f kWj;jJ jtW vd!W czur; nra;jJ.

xU khl;Lj; njhOtj;ijj; jtpu me;j ,lj;jpy; NtW fl;llk; ,y;iy. rNfh. yhwp elj;jpa $l;lq;fspy; kf;fs; jhq;fs; ngw;w MrPh;thjq;fSf;F ed!wpAzh;Tld! nfhLj;j eiffis tpw;W gzj;njhif ngw;whh;. mjpypUe;J xU gFjp> jpU. uhirahtpd! gzf;f\;lj;jpw;F cjtpaJ. mth; mjw;F gjpyhf me;j 53.5 Vf;fh; epyj;ij nfhLj;J me;j epyj;ij NjtDila Copaj;jpw;F toq;Ftjhf 1962y; gj;jpug; gjpT nra;jhh;. kPjpg; gzj;ijf; nfhz!L> rNfh. yhwp [Pg; xd!iw thq;fpdhh;. ,e;j tpjkhd thfdk;jhd! Mrpukj;ijr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; fuL Kulhd gFjpfspy; gazk; nra;a trjpahdJ. 1962-y; Mrpukk; nrd!idapypUe;J jw;Nghija tshfj;jpw;F khw;wg;gl;lJ.

xU khl;L tz!bj; jlj;ijj; jtpu Mrpukj;jpypUe;J ntsp cyfj;jpw;F xU ,izg;Gk; ,y;yhjpUe;jJ. gf;fj;jpypUe;j Xilkhpr;rhd! jghy; epiyak; 2.5 fpNyhkPl;lh; njhiytpYk;> Kf;$ly; je;jp mYtyfk; 6 fpNyhkPl;lh; njhiytpYk; mike;jpUe;jd. njhiyNgrp %yk; Kf;$lypy; ,Ue;J Mrpukj;ijj; njhlh;G nfhs;syhk;. xNu xU njhiyNgrp ,izg;gpw;fhf 6 fpNyhkPl;lh; J}uk; cs; gFjpapy;; fk;gp ,Oj;jJ xU mw;Gjk;jhd!. gf;fj;jpYs;s ,uapy;Nt epiyak; 25 fp.kP. njhiytpYk;> jpUtde;jGuk;> kJiu tpkhd epiyaq;fs; xt;nthd!Wk; 160 fp.kP. njhiytpYk; J}j;JFb> thifFsk; rpwpa tpkhd epiyak; 55 fp.kP. njhiytpYk; ,Uf;fpd!wd. ,e;j ,lk; vt;tsT xJf;fkhf mike;Js;sJ vd!W thrfh;fs; mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. Mrpukj;ij Rw;wpYk; mjpfkhf twl;rpahy; twz!l Gy;ntspapy; ngUkstpy; cs;slq;fpa> vspjpy; cilahj> typik nghUe;jpa> Neuhf epw;Fk; gid kuq;fs; cs;sd. 

rNfh. yhwp ,g;gFjpf;F rj;jpa efh; vd!W ngahpl;lhh;. me;j tdhe;ju efuj;jpypUe;J Ntjj;jpYs;s fyg;glkpy;yhj rj;jpaq;fs; Gwg;gl;L G+kpapd! vy;iyfnsq;Fk; nry;Yk; vd!W mh;j;jkhFk;. me;j epyj;ij thq;fpa gpd!dUk; Copaj;jpd! jiyikafk; nrd!idahf NkYk; ,uz!L Mz!LfSf;F ,Ue;J te;jJ. mq;fpUe;J nfhz!Nl nghpa mstpy; $l;lq;fs; elj;jp te;jhh;. Neuk; fpilf;Fk;NghJ Mrpukk; nrd!W te;jdh;. me;j epyj;ij thq;fpdjpNy xU Muk;gk; Vw;gl;lhYk; fhL Nghd!w me;j epyj;ij fl;Lg;gLj;jp kdpjh;fs; thof;$ba ,lkhf khw;WtJ vd!gJ> kpff; fbdkhd Ntiy. ,e;j 53;.5 Vf;fh; fhl;L epyj;Jld! NkYk; 10 Vf;fh; epyk; thq;fp Nrh;f;fg;gl;lJ. %d!W fpzWfspYs;s jz!zPh; NghJkhdjhf ,y;iy. tUlj;jpy; MW khjq;fSf;F Nky; mit twz!bUe;jd. rNfh. yhwp fh;j;jhplj;jpy; n[gpj;J> nfhQ;rk; jz!zPh; vLj;J> ,NaRtpd! ehkj;jpdhy; %d!W fpzWfspYk; Cw;wpdhh;. mjd!gpd! nfhQ;r fhyk; ey;y fdkio nga;jJ. mJ epyj;jb jz!zPiu cah;j;jp fpzWfisAk; epug;gpaJ. fpzWfspd! jz!zPh; mJKjy; mq;F jq;fpapUf;Fk; 300 NgUila vy;yh NjitfSf;Fk; kw;Wk; tay;fSf;Fg; gha;r;Rtjw;Fk; twz!l tUlq;fspYk; NghJkhdjhf ,Ue;jJ.

jpU. uhirah mth;fs; fhykhtjw;F xU thuj;jpw;F Kd!G xU fdT fz!bUf;fpwhh;. caukhd gid kuk; xd!W nropg;ghd Xiyfs; cs;s jiyNahL me;j epyj;jpy; ngUikNahL epkph;e;J epd!wJ. xU J}jd! ,wq;fp te;J> me;j kuk; fdp nfhlhjjhy; mij ntl;bg; NghLtjhf mwptpj;jhd!. mtDila Nfhlhpf;F mJ tpOe;jNghJ> mjd! ,lj;jpypUe;J xU Mykuk; Jsph;j;J mJ jd! fpisfis gug;gp G+kpia %Lk;tiu tsh;e;jJ. mLj;jehs; fhiyapy; me;j Kjpath; ,e;j mrhjhuzkhd nrhg;gdj;jpw;F tpsf;fk; Njb> jd!Dil mh;j;jj;ijr; nrhd!dhh;. mjhtJ> me;j epyj;jpd! nrhe;jf;fhuuhfpa jd!Dila kfd! khpj;J tpLthnud!Wk; NtnwhUth; mij vLj;J jdjhf;fpf; nfhs;thh; vd!Wk; $wpdhh;. Mdhy; mjw;F Kuzhf> me;j nrhg;gdk; fz!L rpy ehl;fspy; mth; fhykhfp tpl;lhh;. mtUila kuzj;jpw;Fg;gpd! ele;j fhhpaq;fs; ekf;Ff; fhl;LtJ vd!dntd!why;> me;j ctik Nghd!w nrhg;gdk; mtUila kfdpd! Copak; cyfk; KOtijAk; nrd!wilAk; vd!W me;j KjpatUf;F njhptpj;J ,Uf;fpd!wJ. mnkhpf;fhtpYs;s rpf;fhNfhtpy;> 1969-y; fh;j;jh; rNfh. yhwpf;Fs; ,wq;fpa NghJ kDN[hjp Mrpukk; cyf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngw;wJ.

vjph;g;Gk;> Jd!gq;fSk;

xU miw fl;lg;gl;L gpg;uthp 1> 1963-y; gpujp\;il nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,e;j Mrpukj;ijAk;> mjpYs;s Ntiyahl;fspd! rhPug; gpufhukhd kw;Wk; Mtpf;Fhpa fhhpaq;fis ftdpf;Fk; nghWg;G xg;gilf;fg;gl;l Kjy; Ms;> xU thypgh;> rNfh. S. jhk]; nt];yp. mth; ,e;J];jhd! Vh;fpuh‡g;l; ypkpnll;> ngq;fShpy; xU nghwpahsuhf ,Ue;jhh;. mth; jdf;F tUkhdk; jUk; Ntiyia tpl;L tpl;L jd!id KO Neu Copaj;jpw;F xg;G nfhLj;jhh;. mth; mjpf f\;lq;fisAk;> gw;whf;FiwiaAk;> jdpikiaAk; rfpj;jhh;. ,e;j Mrpukk; cUthFtij vjph;j;jth;fs; jilfis cUthf;fpajhy; rNfh. yhwp nrd!idapypUe;J mDg;gpa gzk; fpilf;fhky; gdq;fpoq;FfisAk; gid kuj;jpypUe;J fpilf;Fk; gjePiuAk; czthf nfhs;s Ntz!bajhapw;W. ,t;tsT f\;lq;fis mDgtpj;Jk; mthplkpUe;J xU KWKWg;Gk; tutpy;iy.

NjtDila Copak; tsh;r;rp milAk;NghJ> rhj;jhDila gpujpepjpfs; NjtDila Copak; nra;gth;fisj; jLf;f Kaw;rpf;fpd;wdh;. mg;gb xU gpujpepjpahf rpq;fk;ghiw Ngh];l; kh];lh; ,Ue;jhh;. mtUila mYtyfj;jpd! %yk;jhd! Mrpukj;jpy; cs;sth;fSf;F jghy;fs; tu Ntz!Lk;. ,e;j mjpfhhp xh; fj;Njhypf;fh;> ve;jf; fhuzKk; ,y;yhky; jghy;fis gl;Lthlh nra;a tpltpy;iy. kdpahh;lh;fs;$l Nrh;g;gpf;fg;gltpy;iy. Mdhy; mitfis mDg;gpd egh;fsplNk jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gl;ld. mitfspy; “kDN[hjp Mrpukk; vd!w epWtdk; ,y;iy” vd!W Ngh];l; kh];lh; Fwpg;G vOjpapUg;ghh;. ,jdhy; Mrpukj;jpy; rNfh. jhkRf;Fk; mtNuhbUg;gth;fSf;Fk; kpFe;j f\;lk; cz;lhfp kpf Nkhrkhf ghjpf;fg;gl;ldh;. gioa khl;Lj; njhOthdJ mNefh; jq;ff;$ba kdpjh; thOk; miwfshf khw;wg;gl;lJ. gpd!dh; NtnwhU rNfhjud! VNdh]; Nrh;e;jhh;. mth; Nfhop tsh;g;G kw;Wk; Njdp tsh;g;igAk; ftdpj;Jf; nfhz!lhh;. gpd!dh; lhf;lh; (nry;tp). Mypth; jd! muR kUj;Jt mjpfhhp vd!w Ntiyia uh[pdhkh nra;J KO Neu Copaj;jpw;F jd!id xg;Gf; nfhLj;jhh;. mtUk; Mrpukj;jpw;Fs; te;jhh;.

rNfh. yhwpapd! tPl;by; filg;gpbf;fg;gl;L te;j fbd xOf;f tpjpfs; kDN[hjp Mrpuk Gdpj [Ptpaj;jpd! fbdkhd xOf;f tpjpfshf Mf;fg;gl;ld. rpy Mz!LfSf;Fg; gpd!dh; Ml;fspd! vz!zpf;if mjpfhpj;jjhYk;> kf;fs; rpyhpd! fbd rpe;ijahYk; gbg;gbahf me;j  tpjpfspd! fbdj;jd!ik Fiwe;Jtpl;lJ. ,e;j xOf;f tpjpfs; ntw;wpAs;s tpRthr [Ptpak; nra;tJ vg;gb vDk; Gj;jfkhf ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ. rNfh. jhk]; gpd!dh; NtY}hpy; cs;s ikaj;jpw;Fk; gpd!dh; rpj;J}Uf;Fk; mitfis ftdpg;gjw;fhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lhh;. mjd! gpd!dh; Njtid Nrtpg;gjw;fhf nrd!id kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}hp khztuhapUe;j rNfh. A.G.E. utpf;Fkhh; jd!Dila gbg;ig epWj;jptpl;L Mrpukk; te;jhh;. NtW rpyUk; Mrpukj;jpw;F te;J Nrh;e;jdh;. mth;fs; %d!W miwfs; nfhz!l fl;llk; xd!iwf; fl;bdh.; ngz!fSf;F xd!W> tpUe;jpdUf;F xd!W> kw;nwhd!W nghJ cgNahfj;jpw;fhf.

gf;fj;J fpuhkq;fspy; cs;sth;fs; Mrpukj;jpy; n[gf;$l;lq;fSf;F tu Muk;gpj;jdh;. mNef tpahjpa];jh; n[gpf;f te;jdh;. Ntjghlj; jpl;lk; xd!W Muk;gpf;fg;gl;L rpy thypgh;fs; Mrpukk; te;J mJ KbAk; kl;Lk; jq;fpdh;. Mrpukj;ijr; Nrh;e;jth;fs; jq;fs; md!whlf; flikfis nra;J te;jdh;. mth;fs; jq;fs; vspikahd Mfhukhfpa fQ;rpia mbf;fb rikj;jdh;. ,e;j tdhe;ju epykhdJ NjtDf;F gpujp\;il nra;ag;gl;lgpd! nghpa khw;wq;fs; epfo;e;jd. epyj;jpYk; Kd!Ndw;wq;fs; nra;ag;gl;ld. mjpf kf;fs; te;jNghJ tay;fspy; gaphpLtJ Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. mjw;F mjpf jz!zPh; Njitg;gl;lJ. jz!zPh; ,iwf;f fhisfs; gad!gLj;jg;gl;ld. mJ Nrhh;T milar;nra;jJ. ,ij Nkw;nfhs;s mth;fs; n[gj;jpy; jq;fs; tpz!zg;gq;fis fh;j;jhplk; njhptpj;jdh;. fpzWfspy; NghJkhd jz!zPh; ,Ue;jjhy; Bry; vQ;rpNdhL xU gk;g; ,izj;J epWtg;gl;lJ. czTg;nghUs; cw;gj;jpia ftdpf;f ,uz!L tptrhapfs; rk;gsj;jpw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;ldh;.

Mrpukj;jpw;fhd Kf;fpa Nehf;fq;fs;

vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;L fpwp];Jit Kw;wpYk; gpd!gw;Wk; rP\j;Jtj;jpd! xOq;Ffspy; rNfh. ghyhrPh; yhwpf;F Mokhd jplek;gpf;if ,Ue;;jJ. ,NaR fpwp];J> vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;Ltpl;L jd!idg; gpd!gw;Wtij mjpfkhf typAWj;jpdhh;. vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;LtpLk;gb kf;fis miof;Fk; nra;jp Nahthd! ];ehddplk; ,y;iy. vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;LtpLtjpd! Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij tpRthrpfSf;F rNfh. yhwp Nghjpj;J te;jhh;. Mj;Jk jhfKs;s E}w;Wf; fzf;fhd kf;fs; NjtDila miog;NghLk;> ghpRj;j Mtpapd! mgpN\fj;NjhLk; jq;fs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl;Ltpl;L Kw;wpYk; fh;j;jiu Nrtpf;f Kd!te;jNghJ> mth;fSila kdjpy; tpRthrj;ij gjpar;nra;J> Copaj;jpy; gapw;rpaspf;f Ntz!ba mtrpak; Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;j Mrpukj;jpd! Nehf;fk; vd!dntd!why; fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];Jit cah;j;JtJk;> NjtNdhL gpujp\;ilAk; GdpjKkhd Mtpf;Fhpa [Ptpaj;jpy; MrpukthrpfSf;F gapw;rp mspg;gJkhFk;. mJ fPo;f;fz!l xOf;f epajpfis cs;slf;fpaJ.

1. NjtDila ghpRj;j Ntj thf;fpaq;fspd! KOikahd Fiwtpy;yhj Mtpf;Fhpa tpjpKiwfSk;> mh;j;jq;fSk;> ntspg;ghLfSNk tho;f;ifapd! xNu msTNfhy; (rl;lk;) vd!w G+uz tpRthrk; cilatuhf ,Uj;jy;

2. jq;fisj; jhq;fNs ntWj;J> jq;fs; rpYitfis vLj;Jf; nfhz!L ,NaR fpwp];Jit gpd!gw;Wjy;

3. jhdhf Kd!te;J Njtdpy; Kw;wpYk; rhh;e;jpUf;Fk; tpRthr [Ptpak; nra;J Njtidg; gphpag;gLj;Jjy;

4. khakw;w md!Gld! kfpikahd rj;jpa thh;j;ijiag; gpurq;fpj;jy;

5. Ml;Lf;Fl;bapd; ,uj;jj;jpd! %yk; ngwg;gLk; nka;ahd Njt ePjpia mwptpj;jy;

6. NjtDila MNyhridapy; xd!iwAk; kiwj;J itf;fhky;> ahtw;iwAk; KOikahf mwptpj;J vy;yh kD\hpd! ,uj;jg; gopf;Fk; ePq;fyhfp ,Uj;jy;

7. tpRthrj;jpw;Fhpa thh;j;ijfshy; Cl;lk; ngw;W fpwp];J ,NaTf;F ey;y Nghh;r;Nrtfdhf jPq;fDgtpj;jy;

8. vy;yh kjj;ijr; Nrh;e;jth;fisAk; Nerpj;J> mth;fSila nka;ahd Mtpf;Fhpa Njitfis G+h;j;jp nra;jy;

9. ViofSf;Fk;> jpf;fw;wth;fSf;Fk; tpjitfSf;Fk; cjtp nra;jy; kw;Wk; rKjha Nrit nra;jy;

10. gpw kjq;fspd! Gj;jfq;fis Muha;e;J> Ghpe;J nfhz!L> fpwp];Jitf Fwpj;Jk;> filrp fhyk;> Mapu tUl murhl;rp Kjyhdit Fwpj;Jk; vd!d nrhy;fpd!wd vd!W fz!Lgpbj;jy; (mg;. 17:22-28> jPj;J 1:12)

Mrpukthrpfs; ,e;j cyftho;f;ifapd! ftiyfspypUe;J tpLgl;L ,Ug;gjw;F kdpj rQ;rhukw;w> njhe;juTfs; ,y;yhj xJf;fkhAs;s Xh; ,lk; Njitg;gl;lJ. MrpukkhdJ NghJkhd tsh;r;rp mile;Jtpl;ljhy;> kf;fSf;F tpRthr [Ptpaj;jpYk;> Copaj;jpYk; gapw;rp mspf;f Njitahd fhhpaq;fis epiwNtw;w rhpahd rPhpa ,lkhf khwpaJ.

ek;gpf;ifapd! J}jd!vd!w jkpo; rQ;rpifapy; Mrpukj;jpd! Nehf;fj;ijf; Fwpj;J rNfh. yhwp vOJifapy; “…..fpuhkq;fSf;fhf Copah;fisj; njhpe;J nfhz!L mth;fSf;F Mrpukj;jpy; gapw;rp mspj;J> RtpNr\j;ijg; gpurq;fpf;f fpuhkq;fSf;F mDg;Gtjd! %yk; NjtDila ,uh[;ak; ngUFk;” vd!W $wpapUf;fpwhh;. gpd!dh; te;j mNj gj;jphpifapy; (1965) mth;> “Mrpukj;jpypUe;J ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd! xspia cyfnkq;Fk; gutr;nra;jy;> ViofSf;Fk; iftplg; gl;lth;fSf;Fk; MjuthapUj;jy;> jpUe;jpa ifjpfspd! kWtho;tpw;F cjTjy; kw;Wk; Njtid Nrtpf;f Ntz!Lk; vd!w Mh;tk; nfhz!l thypgh;fSf;F top cz!lhf;Fjy; MfpaitNa kDN[hjp Mrpukj;jpd! Nehf;fq;fshFk;” vd!W vOjpapUf;fpwhh;. jd!dhh;t Copah;fis> RahjPdkhf fpuhkq;fspy; Ntiy nra;a jFjp cs;sth;fs; Mf;fTk;> tpahjpa];jUf;fhfTk;> gprhR gpbj;jth;fSf;fhfTk; ,NaRtpd! ehkj;jpy; n[gpf;fr; nra;aTk; tpUk;gpdhh;. gapw;rp ngWgth;fSf;F mtUila tho;f;ifapd! mDgtNk eilKiwf;F ey;y ghlkhf mike;jJ. cgthrpf;f> n[gpf;f kw;Wk; jpahdpf;f tpUk;GNthUf;F trjp nra;ag;gl;lJ.

MrpukkhdJ> Mz!fSf;Fk;> ngz!fSf;Fk; Copag;gapw;rp mspf;Fk; ikakhf ,Ue;J> gpd!dh; ve;j kdpj Mjhuj;ijAk; rhh;e;jpuhJ fh;j;jUila ftdpg;gpw;F jq;fis xg;Gf;nfhLj;J> tpRthrj;Jld! Copak; nra;a fpuhkq;fSf;F mth;fis mDg;gNtz!Lk; vd!gNj yhwp jk;gjpahhpd! thQ;ir. MrpukthrpfSk; Ntj xOq;FKiwg;gb fpuhkq;fspy; RtpNr\j;ij mwptpf;f ,uz!L ,uz!L Nguhf mDg;gg;gl;ldh;. tof;fk;Nghy; mth;fs; kpf nrhw;g gzj;ij itj;Jf;nfhz!L> fpuhkk; tpl;L fpuhkk; nrd!W RtpNr\j;ij mwptpj;jdh;. rpy Neuq;fspy; mth;fs; njhlh;e;J xU thuk;$l Mrpukj;jpw;F ntspNa jq;fpaJz!L. jpUk;g tUk;NghJ jq;fs; Njitfs; vg;gb re;jpf;fg;gl;ld vd!W rhl;rp nfhLg;gh;. ,e;j tpjkhf mth;fs; ngyj;jpd! NkNy ngydile;J tpRthr [Ptpaj;jpy; tsh;f;fg;gl;ldh;.

me;j epyj;jpd! vy;iyNahL xl;b epyk; itj;jpUe;j rpy gzf;fhuh;fs;> mq;F Mrpukk; ,Ug;gjhy; jq;fs; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; FiwAk; vd!W epidj;J gpur;ridfis cUthf;fp Mrpukthrpfspd! rkhjhdj;ij vLj;Jg;Nghl jq;fs; tptrhapfisj; J}z!b tpl;ldh;. me;j epyj;ij gyte;jkhfNth my;yJ je;jpukhfNth vLf;f Kaw;rpj;jdh;. mth;fs; NjtDila cd!dj jpl;lj;jpw;F tpNuhjkhfg; Nghuhb  Kw;wpYk; Fok;gpg; Nghapdh;. Mrpukk; ,Ue;jNj gpbf;fhj rpyh;> mJ mikjpahf nray;gLtij rPh;Fiyf;f NtW topapy;yhky; gpy;yp#dpaj;ijAk; Kaw;rpj;jdh;. me;j jParf;jp MrpukthrpfSf;Fs; tplhky; jhf;fpf; nfhz!bUe;jNghJ rNfh. yhwp gj;J ehl;fs; cgthrk; nra;J> Mrpuk tshfj;jpy; me;j mRj;j Mtpfis ,y;yhky; nra;Ak;gb Njtid Ntz!bf; nfhz!lhh;. cgthrj;jpd! filrp ehspNy mth; n[gpj;J> xU Ftis jz!zPh; Fbj;J tpl;L Kf;fpa fl;llkhfpa ngj;jhdp ,y;yj;jpd! Kd! cl;fhh;e;J> ,uz!L thd!Nfhopfs; mUfpYs;s czTj; Jzpf;iffis nfhj;jpf;nfhz!L ,Ug;gij ghh;j;Jf; nfhz!bUe;jhh;. rhj;jhdpd! rf;jpahdJ Mrpukj;ij tpl;L ntspNaw;wg;gl Ntz!Lk; vd!W mth; n[gpj;jNghJ> mRj;j rf;jpahdJ me;j thd!Nfhopfis jhf;fp tpl;L ntspNawptpl;lJ. thd!Nfhopfs; nrj;J tpOe;jd. mJKjy; Mrpukj;jpy; epk;kjp epytp te;jpUf;fpwJ.

rhpj;jpu Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j milahskhf xU fy; kz!lgk; (kf;fs; ,isg;ghwpr; nry;y $iu> jiu> J}z!fs; vy;yhk; fy;yhy; fl;lg;gl;lJ) xU fpzw;Wld! $baJ Mrpuk Kfg;gpy; ,Uf;fpwJ. kJiuiaAk; mjd! Rw;Wg; gFjpfisAk; Mz!l uhzp kq;fk;khs; fhyj;jpy; ,J fl;lg;gl;ljhf ek;gg; gLfpwJ – fp.gp.1700 mstpy;). ,J topg;Nghf;fh;fSf;F milf;fyKk; jz!zPUk; nfhLg;gjw;fhf mikf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. Mrpukj;jpy; Njitahd fl;llq;fs; ,y;yhjpUf;Fk;NghJ> ,e;j kz!lgk; jdp n[gj;jpw;Fk; jpahdj;jpw;Fk; gad!gl;lJ. Mrpukk; tsh;r;rp mile;J te;jNghJ gy tUlq;fspy; $Ljy; epyKk; fpzWk; thq;fg;gl;ld. ehk; jghypy; cynfq;Fk; mDg;Gk; ekJ ntspaPLfs; %yk; mg;NghJ MrpukKk; mjd! nray;ghLfSk; ntsp ehLfspy; cs;s kf;fSf;F njhpa te;jpUf;fpwJ. rpy thrfh;fs; mf;fiw nfhz!L ,q;F te;jdh;. mth;fspy; rpyh;> rNfhjud!> rNfhjhp Xl;Nlh NghNr> (Rtpl;rh;yhe;J)> rNfh. <thy;L ‡gpuhq;f; (n[h;kdp) kw;Wk; ngq;fShpy; ,Uf;Fk; rNfhjhp Nfhangy;>(n[h;kdp)> xU kp\dhp. Kjypy; fl;lg;gl;l xUmiw fl;llj;jpw;F ,e;j kp\dhp mk;khtpd! ngah; itf;fg;gl;L ‘Nfhangy; `hy;’ vd!W miof;fg;gl;lJ. mJ kWgbAk; fl;lg;gl;L ‘ngj;jhdp ,y;yk;’ vd!W miof;fg;gl;lJ. gpd!dh; mJ ‘rPNahd! ,y;yk;’ vd!W miof;fg;gl;L mjpy; yhwp FLk;gj;jpdh; jq;fpapUe;jdh;.

jiyikafk; Mrpukj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk;

1964-y; rNfh. yhwp jd!Dila Copaj;jpd! jiyikafj;ij  ,lg;ngah;r;rp nra;J Mrpukj;jpw;F khw;wpdhh;. mJ vg;gb ele;jJ vd!W nrhy;yp MfNtz!Lk;. 1960-y; rNfh. yhwp ,e;jpah jpUk;gpagpd!> khngUk; nghJf; $l;lq;fs; nrd!idapy; Muk;gpj;J ehl;bd! ,ju ghfq;fSf;F gutpaNghJ> mtUila Gfo; mjpfkhf cah;e;J tsh;e;jJ. kf;fs; mth; kPJ gf;jpf;Fhpa khpahij itj;jpUe;jgbahy; ryitr;rhiyfSf;F mtUila Milfis mDg;gpdhy; cah;e;j ntFkjpahf mit vLf;fg;gLk; (mg;.19:12). mth; Kb ntl;Lk; filf;Fr; nrd!why; mtuJ Kb gpwuhy; gj;jpukhf itf;fg;gLk;. jhq;fs; RfkhFk;gb kf;fs; mtUila epoy; jq;fs; Nky; tpOk;gb tpUk;gpdhh;fs; (mg;. 5:15). xU Kiw> rNfh. yhwp $l;lk; Kbe;j gpd!dh; tpahjpa];jh; kPJ if itj;J n[gk; nra;Ak;NghJ> mtUila iff;fbfhu rq;fpyp mWe;J tpOe;J tpl;lJ. fpwp];jt rNfhjuh; xUth; me;j Jz!L rq;fpypia vLj;Jf; nfhz!lhh;. gpd!dh; mij cs;sq;ifapy; ,Lf;fpf; nfhz!L tpahjpa];jUf;fhf n[gpf;Fk; Copak; nra;a Muk;gpj;jhh;. mtiu mlf;fp itf;f Kad!w rigj; jiyth;fs;> mtUila Gfiof;fz!L mtiu Vw;Wf; nfhz!ldh;.

rNfh. yhwp> Foe;ij Qhd];ehdk; kw;Wk; gpjh> Fkhud!> ghpRj;jMtp ehkj;jpy; jphpj;Jt Qhd];ehdk; Mfpatw;iw Mjhpf;ftpy;iy. fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd! ehkj;jpdhy; nfhLf;fg;gLk; KOf;F Qhd];ehdNk Ntjj;jpd!gb rhpahdJ vd!W jplek;gpf;if nfhz!bUe;jhh;. 1960-y; mth; rNfh. tpy;ypak; gpuhd!`hk; %ykhf fh;j;juhfpa ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd! ehkj;jpy; Qhd];ehdk; ngw;whh;. MfNt fh;j;juhfpa ,NaRtpd! ehkj;jpd! Qhd];ehdj;ij Mjhpf;Fk; fpwp];jt FOf;fs; mtiu Mjhpj;jd. ,f;FOf;fspd! MjuT ,Ue;jjhy; CopakhdJ kfj;jhd ntw;wpahf ,Ug;gJ Nghy; fhzg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,e;j Gjpa epfo;T NjtDf;F gphpakhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mtUila $l;lq;fis fl;Lg;gLj;j tpUk;gpa rig eph;thfq;fNshL mth; NkYk; NkYk; gpd!dpf; nfhz!bUe;jhh;. jpBnud!W xU ,uT> Njtd! mtNuhL Ngrp> cldbahf mth; nrd!idia tpl;Lg; Nghfhtpl;lhy; mtiuf; nfhd!W tpLtjhff; $wpdhh;. jpLf;fpl;L> yhwp FLk;gj;jhh; clNd nrd!idia tpl;Ltpl;L jq;fs; jiyikafj;ij njw;fpy; fhl;Lg;gFjpapYs;s kDN[hjp Mrpukj;jpw;F ,lg; ngah;r;rp nra;jdh;. kf;fs; thOk;gb khw;wg;gl;l khl;Lj;njhOtk; yhwp FLk;gj;jpd! ,y;ykhf khwpaJ. nghpa $l;lq;fspy; mtUila Gfio gad!gLj;jp Mjhak; ngw Kaw;rp nra;jth;fs; mNef Fiwfis $wpdh;. rNfh. yhwpf;F tpNuhjkhd mtJ}Wfs;> mNef ngha;ahd Fw;wr;rhl;LfNshL kWgbAk; Muk;gpj;jd.

Nfhil tpLKiwapYk;> kw;w tpLKiw fhyq;fspYk; %j;j kfdhfpa Njt gpd!dh; gbg;gpw;fhf nrd!id jpUk;GtJk; cz!L. me;j tsh;r;rpailahj fhl;bNy nfhQ;rk; Ngh;jhd! ,Ue;jdh;. Mrpuk tho;f;if mg;nghOJ vt;tsT fbdk; vd!W mtUf;Fg; Ghpe;jJ. Copaj;jpw;F MjuthapUe;j xUth; jhdkhff; nfhLj;j xU mr;R ,ae;jpuk; mq;F epWtg;gl;lJ. ifg;gpujpfis Mapuf;fzf;fpYk; ngUq;$l;l Nehl;b];fis yl;rf;fzf;fpYk; mr;rpLtjpy; mJ Kf;fpa gq;F tfpj;jJ. n[h;kdp> Rtpl;rh;yhe;J kw;Wk; ehLfspypUe;J ,e;j Copaj;jpy; Mh;tk; nfhz!L Mrpukj;jpw;F tpUe;jpduhf tUtJz!L. Xiyfshy; fl;lg;gl;l nghpa ge;jy;fspy; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; jtwhky; elj;jg;gl;ld. ,e;jpahtpd! vy;yh ghfq;fspYkpUe;J kf;fs; jpushf te;J $l;lq;fspy; gq;Nfw;wdh;. Mrpukk; tsh;r;rpaile;J te;jNghJ> mNef miwfs; mlq;fpa Gjpa fl;llq;fs; fl;lg;gl;ld. Mrpukthrpfshy; mWf;fg;gl;l Rlg;glhj gr;irr; nrq;fw;fshy; miwfs; fl;lg;gl;ld. mtw;wpy; rpnkd!Lk; kzYk; tpfpjg;gb fye;j rhe;J G+rg;gl;lJ. Mrpukthrpfs; mtw;wpy; vy;yh NtiyfisAk; nra;jdh;. jq;fs; [Ptpaj;ij NjtDf;nfd!W mh;g;gzpj;j Mrpukthrpfspd! vz!zpf;if gbg;gbahf ngUfpaJ.

nghJ tho;f;ifjhd! Mrpukj;jpd! tho;f;ifahf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. mJ rq;fPjk; 133:1 ,Njh> rNfhjuh; xUkpj;J thrk;gz!ZfpwJ vj;jid ed!ikAk; vj;jid ,d!gKkhdJ?;  vd!w thf;fpaj;jpd! epiwNtWjyhFk;. Mtpf;Fhpa tsh;r;rpf;F ,ilQ;ryhf ,Uf;Fk; jd!daj;ij nghJ tho;f;if vLj;Jg; NghLfpwJ vd!gJ ek;gpf;ifahf ,Ue;jJ. nghJ tho;f;if fuL Kulhd Rghtj;ij xU eghplkpUe;J ePf;fp> %iyfis Nja;j;J totog;ghf;fp mtiu Copaj;jpw;Fj; jFjpahf;FfpwJ. Njt ,af;FjypYk; kfj;jhd ghlkhf mike;jd. 1970fspd! Kjy; gFjpapy; ntspehLfspypUe;J kf;fs; Mrpukj;jpw;F miyNghy; te;jNghJ> kDN[hjp Mrpukj;jpd! ,U fpisfs; jpwf;fg;gl;ld. xd!W fhe;jpefhpYk; kw;nwhd!W jpUney;NtypapypUe;J 55 fp.kP. njhiytpYs;s JiwKf efukhd J}j;JFbahFk;. Mrpukthrpfspd! md!whl tho;f;if ftiyfs;> gak;> kw;Wk; epe;ij ,y;yhjJ. jd!Dila %d!W FkhuUk; Copaj;jpYk;> Mrpuk NtiyapYk; mjpy; jd! %j;j Fkhuid eph;thf mwq;fhtyuhf epakpj;jhh;.

Mrpukj;jpy; n[g [Ptpak;

rNfh. yhwp> tpRthrpfSf;Fk;> MrpukthrpfSf;Fk; jdpg;gl;l n[g [Ptpak;> jpahdk; Mfpatw;wpd! mtrpaj;ij tw;GWj;jpdhh;. n[gj;jpd! ,ufrpak; ,ufrpaj;jpy; n[gNk. MfNt rNfh. yhwp ,uT Neuq;fspy; jdpahf n[gk; nra;tJz!L. mNef Kiwfs; Njt jpBnud!W tpopf;Fk;NghJ> rNfh. yhwp jd! Koq;fhy;fspy; epd!W n[gpg;gijf; fz!bUf;fpwhh;. jdp n[gj;jpw;F mLj;J> vy;yhUk;> (mtUila FLk;gj;jhh; cl;gl) xt;nthU ehSk; mjpfhiyapy; vOe;J 5 Kjy; 6 kzp tiu n[gk; nra;J Njtid ];Njhj;jhpf;f Ntz!Lk; vd!W tw;GWj;Jthh;. FLk;gj;jhiug; nghWj;j mstpy; mth; ,e;j tp\aj;jpy; fz!bg;ghf ,Ue;jhh;. MgpufhKf;F Njtd! thf;fspj;j MrPh;thjq;fs; jd! kPJk; jd! FLk;gj;jhh; kPJk; tUk;gb> Mgpufhk; jd! gps;isfSf;Fk;> jdf;Fg; gpd!tUk; jd! tPl;lhUf;Fk;: ePq;fs; ePjpiaAk; epahaj;ijAk; nra;J> fh;j;jUila topiaf; fhj;J elTq;fs; vd!W fl;lisapl;lhd! (Mjpahfkk; 18;:19).

Njtidj; njhOJ nfhs;s kpfr; rpwe;j Neuk; mjpfhiyjhd! vd!gJ mth; fUj;J. jhtPJ uh[h fh;j;jUf;F Kjd!ikahdJk;> kpfr;rpwe;jijAk; vg;nghOJk; nfhLj;jhh; (rq;fPjk; 63:1> ePjpnkhopfs; 8:17). fhiyapy;> Kjy; fhhpakhf Njtidj; njhOJnfhs;Sk;NghJ ehk; fh;j;jUf;F rpwe;j Neuj;ijAk; nfhLf;fpNwhk;. ehk; NjtDf;F Kjyplk; nfhLj;jhy;> ehk; fh;j;jhplkpUe;J Kjy; jukhd MrPh;thjq;fisg; ngWNthk;. rNfh. yhwp> cyfKOtJk; cs;s tpRthrpfs; ,ijf; filg;gpbf;f Ntz!Lk; vd!W fw;gpj;jpUe;jhh;. ,e;jpahtpy;> tpRthrpfs; vq;fpUe;jhYk;> mjpfhiyapy; vOe;J tpLth;. ,e;jpahtpy;> Copaj;jpYs;s midtUNk jq;fSld! mNj Neuj;jpy; n[gk; nra;J nfhz!Lk;> Njtid ];Njhj;jhpj;Jf; nfhz!LkpUg;gh; vd!Wk; vy;yhUk; mwpe;jpUg;gh;. Mrpukj;jpy;> n[g miwapy; vg;nghOJk; n[gk;> ];Njhj;jpuq;fs;> ghly;fspd! rj;jk; vy;yhUf;Fk; Nfl;Fk;.

FLk;gk; FLk;gkhfTk; miw miwahfTk; xUkzp Neuk; n[gpf;Fk; rq;fpyp n[gk;> ,uTk; gfYk; MrpukthrpfSf;fhf Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. vy;yhUk; jd!dhh;tj;Jld! te;jpUe;jgbahy; mJ xU ,d!gkhf ,Ue;jJ> ghukhf my;y. Mz!> ngz! ,UghyhUf;Fk; jdpj;jdpahf KO,uT n[gq;fs; ele;jd. ,uT KOtJk; ];Njhj;jhpg;gpd! rj;jKk; ghl;Lfspd! rj;jKk; ghpRj;j Mtpapd! mgpN\fj;Jld! Nfl;Fk;. Nridfspd! fh;j;jiuj; JjpAq;fs;: fh;j;jh; ey;yth; mth; fpUig vd!WKs;sJ (vNukpah 33;;:11)> ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd! ,uj;jNk n[ak; vd!gNj mth;fSila Kof;f thrfq;fs;.

Xa;T ehs;

1972-k; Mz!L Xa;T ehisf; Fwpj;J xU jpUg;gk; Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;jpahtpy; tho;e;J tUk; ehq;fs; gy E}W Mz!Lfshf eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; fpwp];jt ghuk;ghpaj;jpd!gb Qhapw;Wf;fpoikia Xa;T ehshf Mrhpj;J te;Njhk;. rNfh. yhwp> Qhapw;Wf; fpoikia Xa;T ehshf Mrhpg;gJ NjtDila thh;j;ijapd! mbg;gilj; jj;Jtq;fSf;F ve;j tpjj;jpYk; cfe;jjhf ,Uf;fhJ vd!W vq;fSf;Ff; fw;gpj;jhh;. mth; $wpagb Vohk; ehs; Njtdhfpa fh;j;jh; jhNk Xa;T ehshf epakpj;j ehs;. MfNt ve;j J}jDf;Fk;> mg;Ngh];jyDf;Fk;> jPh;f;fjhprpf;Fk;> rigf;Fk; kw;Wk; ve;j kD\Df;Fk; jq;fs; trjpf;F Vw;g mij khw;w ve;j chpikAk; fpilahJ.

,NaR fpwp];JNth my;yJ mg;Ngh];jyNuh Xa;T ehis khw;wtpy;iy. MfNt mJKjy; nts;spf;fpoik #hpa m];jkdk; Kjy; rdpf;fpoik #hpa m];jkdk; tiu Muk;gKjy; A+jh;fs; Mrhpj;j Kiwikapd!gb Xa;T ehs; Mrhpg;gij mth; jpUk;gf; nfhz!L te;jhh;. me;j ehspy; ehq;fs; rikaNyh> tof;fkhd NtiyfNsh nra;tjpy;iy. Mdhy; ehq;fs; fh;j;jhpYk; mtUila Copaj;jpYk; fsp$h;e;J kfpo;r;rpahapUe;Njhk;. mJ vg;nghOJk; MrPh;thjkhf ,Ue;jNjnahopa ghukhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,e;jg; gof;fk;> cynfq;fpYKs;s tpRthrpfs; kj;jpapy; gutpaJ. Mdhy;> xU kzpNeu rq;fpyp ];Njhj;jpuq;fSk;> KO ,uT n[gq;fSk; jtpu xt;nthU fhiyapYk;> khiyapYk; nghJ n[gq;fs; ele;jd.

epidtpy; epw;Fk; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs;

kDN[hjp Mrpukk;> rj;jpa efhpy; ele;j Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; [dthp 1965y; %d!W ehl;fSf;nfd!W jpl;lkplg;gl;ld. rNfh. yhwp tpRthrj;jpy; KbntLj;J nghpa ge;jy; Nghlg;gl;L trjpfs; nra;ag;gl;ld. “tdhe;jukhd Xhplj;jpy; jdpj;Jr; rw;Nw ,isg;ghWk;gb NghNthk; thUq;fs;” (khw;F 6:31) vd!W ,NaR nrhd!dgb> efuq;fspYk;> khefuq;fspYk; trpg;gtHfSf;fhf ,e;jf; $l;lq;fs; xOq;F nra;ag;gl;ld. xUtUk; tukhl;lhh;fs; vd!W epidj;j kf;fspd! vjph;ghh;g;GfSf;Fk; tpUg;gq;fSf;Fk; vjpuhf ,e;jpahtpd! gy ghfq;fspYk; jpus; $l;lq;fs; g];fspYk;> [Pg;fspYk;> khl;L tz!bfspYk; te;J ,wq;fpdh;. tdhe;juj;jpy; ,];uNtypa ghisak;Nghy; mJ ,Ue;jJ. ge;jy; Mrhpg;G $lhuj;ijg;Nghy; fhl;rpaspj;jJ. tdhe;juKk; twz!l epyKk; kfpo;e;J> fLntsp fspj;J> G\;gj;ijg;Nghyr; nropf;Fk;. mJ kpFjpaha;r; nropj;Jg; g+hpj;J Mde;jf; fspg;Gld! ghLk; vd!W Vrhah 35:1-2-y; nrhy;ypaJ epiwNtwpaJ.

tdhe;juj;jpy; ,];uNtyiug; Ngh\pj;J> Ie;J mg;gq;fisf; nfhz!L Iahapuk; Ngiu Ngh\pj;j NjtDila fuj;jpd! fphpia ,q;Fk; fhzg;gl;lJ. ve;jtpj FiwTk; Vw;gltpy;iy. 1 ,uh[hf;fs; 17:16-y; fh;j;jh; vypahitf; nfhz!L nrhd!d thh;j;ijapd!gbNa> ghidapNy kh nrytope;J NghfTk; ,y;iy> fyrj;jpd! vd!nza; Fiwe;JNghfTk; ,y;iy vd!W nrhd!dgb> Njtd! elg;gpj;jhh;. $l;lq;fspy; fh;j;jUila fhzg;glhj MrPh;thjq;fs; mNefk; ,Ue;jd. filrp ehs; $l;lj;jpy; ghpRj;j Mtp ty;yikahf kioNghy; nghope;jJ. $l;lj;ij Kbg;gNj kpff; fbdkhf ,Ue;jJ. $l;lq;fspy; gq;Nfw;w xU rNfhjhp> fPo;f;fz!l njspthd jhprdk; ngw;whh;. mth; “filrp ehspy; $l;lj;jpdUf;F Kd!ghf rNfh. yhwp te;jNghJ> ge;jy; xU tif Gifahy; epiwe;jJ. mth;fs; Vd! J}gq;fhl;Lfpwhh;fs; vd!W ehd! rj;jkpl;Nld!. jpBnud!W vd! fz!fs; jpwe;J NjtDila kfpik $lhuk; KOtijAk; epug;gp xt;nthUtiuAk; #o;e;jpUg;gijf; fz!Nld!” vd!whh;.

gpd!dhy; te;j Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; ,Nj tpjkhf Mdhy; nghpa mstpy; eilngw;wd. 1966 [dthpapy; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs;> kDN[hjp Mrpukk; rj;jpa efhpy; kWgbAk; ele;jd. ,e;jpah KOtjpypUe;Jk; mNefh; mf;$l;lq;fspy; gq;Nfw;wdh;. ,J rNfh. tpy;ypak; gpuhd!`hk; brk;gh; 24> 1965y; fhykhd rpy ehl;fSf;Fg;gpd! ele;jJ. 1966 [dthp Nfk;g; $l;lq;fspy;> n[h;kdpapYs;s gpuhd!`hk; FOf;fspd! jiytuhd rNfh. <thy;L gpuhq;f; ,e;jpah te;J Ngr;rhsh;fspy; xUtuhfg; gq;Nfw;whh;. brk;gh; 24> 1965y; rk;gtpj;j rNfh. gpuhd!`hkpd! Ja&l;Lk; kiwT Fwpj;j rk;gtq;fis ekf;F mwptpj;jhh;. mNj tUlk;> rNfh. Xuy; uhgh;l;]; jpUtde;jGuj;jpy; $l;lq;fSf;fhf ,e;jpah te;jNghJ yhwp FLk;gj;jhh; mtiu re;jpj;jdh;. 1967 Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs;> Mrpukj;jpypUe;J 320 fp.kP. njhiytpy; jpUr;rp mUNf jhaD}h; fpuhkj;jpy;> lhf;lh; kJuk; fhydpapy; ele;jJ.  NtY}iur; Nrh;e;j rNfh. Qhdg;gpufhrk; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fspy; jPh;f;fj;jhprdk; ciuj;J> Njtd! rNfh. yhwpia n[h;kdpapy; ty;yikahf cgNahfpg;ghh; vd!W $wpdhh;. 1969y;> ghyhrPh; yhwp RtpNr\f;FO xOq;F nra;j Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs;> nrd!id vOk;G+h;> xapl; nkNkhhpay; `hy; tshfj;jpy;> [dthp 10 Kjy; 19 tiu eilngw;wd. ,e;jpahtpd! midj;J khepyq;fspYs;s tpRthrpfs; mf;$l;lq;fspy; gq;Nfw;wdh;. tlf;fpypUe;J te;j gpurq;fpSk; ,Ue;jdh;. Nghjfh;fs; N[k;]; nkhuhh;> A.N. Nahdh> G.V. ill;l];> tpy;ypak; jh];> ,k;khDNty; jh]; Nghd!w Kf;fpakhNdhh; mjpy; mlq;Fth;.

rNfh. yhwpAk;> rNfh. <thy;L gpuhq;f;Fk; Kf;fpa Ngr;rhsh;fs;. rNfh. gpuhd!`hkpd! neUq;fpa cld! Copauhd rNfh. yP Nta;y; me;jf; $l;lq;fspy; Kf;fpa Ngr;rhsh;fspy; xUtuhf gq;Nfw;f Ntz!bapUe;jJ. Mdhy; ,e;jpah tUtjw;F tPrh (mDkjp) rhpahd Neuj;jpy; fpilf;fhjjhy; $l;lq;fSf;F tu mtuhy; Kbatpy;iy. me;jf; $l;lq;fspy; kfj;jhd mgpN\fk; ,Ue;jjhy; midtUk; mjpf MrPh;thjk; ngw;wdh;. filrp ehl;fspy; xU ,uT ele;j Ko ,uT $l;lj;jpy; mNefh; gq;F ngw;wdh;. rNfh. yhwp jkpopy; ,aw;wpa ehDk; ve;jd! tPl;lhUk; fh;j;jiuNa Nrtpg;Nghk;vDk; ghliy kf;fs; ghbaNghJ> NjtDila ty;yik ,wq;fp> ,uT KOtJk; kf;fs; Njtid Jjpj;Jf; nfhz!Lk;> me;epa ghi\fspy; Ngrpf; nfhz!Lk; re;Njh\j;jpy; rj;jkpl;Lf; nfhz!Lk; ,Ue;jdh;. mJ cz!ikapNyNa xU epidtpy; epw;Fk; ehshf ,Ue;jJ. mNef KONeu Copah;fs; me;j mgpN\fj;ij jq;fs; n[g tPLfSf;F vLj;Jr;nrd!W njhlu Kbe;jJ vd!Wk; rhl;rpapl;ldh;. mNefh; $l;lq;fspy; gq;Nfw;wjhy; xU ehs; vjph;ghuhky; Mfhuf; FiwT Vw;gl;lJ. rikf;fg;gl;l mhprpr; NrhW Nghjhjjhy; nghpa jl;Lg;ghL Vw;gl;lJ. mJ rNfh. yhwpf;F mwptpf;fg;gl;lNghJ> mth; rikayiwf;F n[gpf;fr; nrd!W mhprpr; Nrhw;iw MrPh;tjpj;jhh;. cldbahf xU mw;Gjk; ele;jJ. me;j mhprpr; Nrhw;Wf; Ftpay; mijg; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz!bUe;j kf;fspd! fz!fSf;F Kd!ghf mjpfkhfp nghpa Ftpayhfp tpl;lJ. mq;F $bapUe;j vy;yh kf;fSf;Fk; Njitf;Fk; mjpfkhd Mfhuk; ,Ue;jJ.

NtY}hpYk;; ele;j $l;lq;fspy; mNef tpRthrpfs; $bapUe;jdh;. ,J 1969y; re;jpudpy; kD\d! fhy; itj;jNghJ fpilj;j mDgtj;jpw;Fg; gpd! ele;jjhy; Njtd! ,wq;fp te;jijf; Fwpj;j nra;jpfisf; Nfl;f kpFe;j Vjph;ghh;g;GfSld! kf;fs; $bapUe;jdh;. 1970 [dthp 10 Kjy; 20 tiu Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; kDN[hjp Mrpuk ikjhdj;jpy; ele;jd. 1971y; NtY}h; nghpa lTd! `hypy; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; ele;jd. mNefh;> NjtDila thh;j;ijia Nfl;Fk;gb te;jdh;. mNef ehLfspypUe;J may;ehl;lth;fs; te;j gpd!> 1972y; kDN[hjp Mrpukj;jpy; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; xOq;F nra;ag;gl;ld. ,e;jpahtpd! gy ghfq;fspypUe;Jk; mNefh; te;jdh;. fhe;jpefhpYs;s Nky; ehl;lth;fs; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fspy; jq;Ftjw;fhf miwfs; nfhLf;fg;gl;ld. kfj;jhd MrPh;thjkhf mJ ,Ue;jJ. Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; Kbe;jgpd!dh;> Nky;ehl;lth;fs;> fhe;jp efUf;Fj; jpUk;g tpUk;gtpy;iy. kpd! ,izg;G kw;Wk; mbg;gil trjpfs; ,y;yhky; Mrpuk tho;f;if fbdkhf ,Ue;jhYk; mth;fs; Mrpukj;jpNyNa jq;fptplj; jPh;khdk; nra;jdh;. mth;fs; kz!nzz!iz tpsf;Fjhd! cgNahfpf;f Ntz!bapUe;jJ. mth;fs; jq;Fk;NghJ> 300 NgUf;F Nky; MuhjidfSf;Ff; $Ltjhy;> jpdKk; Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; ele;jhw;NghypUf;Fk;. 1980fspy; [_iy khjk; 15 Kjy; 22 tiu Nfk;g; $l;lq;fs; elf;f Muk;gpj;jd. rNfh. yhwp %yk; nfhLf;fg;gLk; Gjpa ntspg;ghLfis fw;Wf; nfhs;s ,e;jpahtpd! vy;yhg; gFjpfspypUe;Jk;> ntspehLfspypUe;Jk; gq;F ngWth;. me;jf; $l;lq;fnsy;yhk; tpRthrpfSf;F kfj;jhd MrPh;thjq;fisf; nfhz!L te;jd.